PRINCIPALS’ LEADERSHIP BEHAVIOUR, TEACHING WORKLOAD AND TURNOVER INTENTION AMONG TEACHERS IN PRIVATE SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN OGUN STATE, NIGERIA

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PRINCIPALS’ LEADERSHIP BEHAVIOUR, TEACHING WORKLOAD AND TURNOVER INTENTION AMONG TEACHERS IN PRIVATE SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN OGUN STATE, NIGERIA

Abstract:
This study investigates the relationship between principals’ leadership behavior, teaching workload, and turnover intention among teachers in private secondary schools in Ogun State, Nigeria. The aim is to understand how the leadership style of principals and the workload experienced by teachers influence their intention to leave their current teaching positions.

The study employs a quantitative research design, utilizing survey questionnaires to collect data from a sample of teachers working in private secondary schools in Ogun State. The questionnaires assess principals’ leadership behavior, teaching workload, and turnover intention. Statistical analyses, including correlation and regression analyses, are conducted to examine the relationships among the variables.

Preliminary findings indicate that principals’ leadership behavior significantly influences teachers’ turnover intention. Specifically, principals who demonstrate transformational leadership behaviors, such as providing intellectual stimulation, fostering individualized consideration, and displaying inspirational motivation, are associated with lower turnover intention among teachers. Conversely, principals who exhibit transactional leadership behaviors, emphasizing rewards and punishments, tend to have higher turnover intention among teachers.

Furthermore, the study reveals that teaching workload has a mediating effect on the relationship between principals’ leadership behavior and turnover intention. Teachers who perceive high teaching workload experience higher turnover intention, even when principals display transformational leadership behaviors. This suggests that workload-related factors play a crucial role in teachers’ decision to leave their current positions.

The findings of this study have important implications for educational policymakers, school administrators, and principals in private secondary schools. It underscores the significance of fostering transformational leadership behaviors among principals and addressing excessive teaching workloads to improve teacher retention rates. By creating supportive working environments and reducing work-related stressors, schools can enhance teacher job satisfaction and reduce turnover intention.

Keywords: Principals’ leadership behavior, teaching workload, turnover intention, private secondary schools, Ogun State, Nigeria.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page                                                                                  i

Declaration                                                                                ii

Approval Page                                                                           iii

Dedication                                                                                  iv

Abstract                                                                                     vi

Table of Contents                                                                      vii

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1    Introduction                                                 1

1.2  Background of the study       3

1.3    Statement of the General Problem                                  4

1.4    Objective of the study                                                       5

1.5    Significance of the study                                                  5

1.6    Statement of hypothesis                                                   6

1.7    Scope of the study                                                             6

1.8    Limitation of the study                                                     7

1.9    Definition of terms                                                            7

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW

2.0    Introduction                                                                      9

2.1    Review of related literature                                             9

2.2    Theoretical framework

2.3    Summary of review                                                           33

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1    Introduction                                                                      35

3.2    Research design                                                                35

3.3    Area of study                                                                    35

3.4    Population of the study                                                    36

3.5    Sample size                                                                       36

3.6    Instrument for data collection                                          36

3.7    Reliability of the instrument                                            37

3.8    Validity of the Instrument                                               38

3.9    Method of data Collection                                                 38

3.10  Method of Data Analysis                                                  39

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS

4.1    Introduction                                                                      41

4.2    Characteristics of the respondents                                   41

4.3    Presentation of Data Analysis                                         43

4.4    Discussion of Findings                                                     48

4.5    Summary of findings                                                        49

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1    Summary                                                                          51

5.2    Conclusion                                                                        52

5.3    Recommendation                                                              53

Biography                                                                         54

Appendix                                                                           56

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