ASSESSMENT OF ABILITY ESTIMATE AND MODEL FIT OF STUDENTS IN 2020 NECO MATHEMATICS IN BENUE STATE, NIGERIA

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ASSESSMENT OF ABILITY ESTIMATE AND MODEL FIT OF STUDENTS IN 2020 NECO MATHEMATICS IN BENUE STATE, NIGERIA 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page                                                                                  i

Declaration                                                                                ii

Approval Page                                                                           iii

Dedication                                                                                  iv

Abstract                                                                                     vi

Table of Contents                                                                      vii

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1    Inroduction                                                 1

1.2  Background of the study       3

1.3    Statement of the General Problem                                  4

1.4    Objective of the study                                                       5

1.5    Significance of the study                                                  5

1.6    Statement of hypothesis                                                   6

1.7    Scope of the study                                                             6

1.8    Limitation of the study                                                     7

1.9    Definition of terms                                                            7

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW

2.0    Introduction                                                                      9

2.1    Review of related literature                                             9

2.2    Theoretical framework

2.3    Summary of review                                                           33

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1    Introduction                                                                      35

3.2    Research design                                                                35

3.3    Area of study                                                                    35

3.4    Population of the study                                                    36

3.5    Sample size                                                                       36

3.6    Instrument for data collection                                          36

3.7    Reliability of the instrument                                            37

3.8    Validity of the Instrument                                               38

3.9    Method of data Collection                                                 38

3.10  Method of Data Analysis                                                  39

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS

4.1    Introduction                                                                      41

4.2    Characteristics of the respondents                                   41

4.3    Presentation of Data Analysis                                         43

4.4    Discussion of Findings                                                     48

4.5    Summary of findings                                                        49

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1    Summary                                                                          51

5.2    Conclusion                                                                        52

5.3    Recommendation                                                              53

Biography                                                                         54

Appendix                                                                           56

Abstract:
The National Examination Council (NECO) serves as a vital means of assessing the academic performance and capabilities of students in Nigeria. The 2020 NECO Mathematics examination in Benue State plays a crucial role in evaluating students’ mathematical proficiency and providing insights into the effectiveness of the educational system. This study aims to assess the ability estimate and model fit of students who took the 2020 NECO Mathematics examination in Benue State.

The research utilizes a quantitative research design, employing statistical analysis techniques to evaluate students’ performance and the appropriateness of the examination model. The study sample consists of a representative group of students who participated in the examination. The ability estimate of each student is calculated based on their responses to the test items, employing Item Response Theory (IRT) models.

Furthermore, the study examines the model fit of the examination using various fit indices such as the χ2 (chi-square) statistic, root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA), comparative fit index (CFI), and Tucker-Lewis index (TLI). These fit indices provide insights into how well the examination model aligns with the observed data.

The findings of this study will contribute to the understanding of students’ mathematical abilities and the suitability of the examination model in assessing their performance. The assessment of ability estimates will provide valuable information about the students’ overall mathematical proficiency, while the evaluation of model fit will enable policymakers and educators to identify potential areas of improvement in the examination design and administration.

The research results will inform educational stakeholders, including policymakers, curriculum developers, and teachers, about the strengths and weaknesses of the mathematics examination in Benue State. It will provide evidence-based recommendations for enhancing the assessment process, refining the examination model, and implementing targeted interventions to improve students’ mathematical abilities.

Overall, this study aims to contribute to the ongoing efforts to enhance the quality of mathematics education in Benue State, Nigeria, by ensuring that the assessment methods used accurately reflect students’ abilities and promote their learning outcomes.

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