SEXUAL HARASSMENT IN TERTIARY SCIENCE

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SEXUAL HARASSMENT IN TERTIARY SCIENCE: IMPLICATIONS FOR GENDER EQUITY 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page                                                                                  i

Declaration                                                                                ii

Approval Page                                                                           iii

Dedication                                                                                  iv

Abstract                                                                                     vi

Table of Contents                                                                      vii

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1    Inroduction                                                 1

1.2  Background of the study       3

1.3    Statement of the General Problem                                  4

1.4    Objective of the study                                                       5

1.5    Significance of the study                                                  5

1.6    Statement of hypothesis                                                   6

1.7    Scope of the study                                                             6

1.8    Limitation of the study                                                     7

1.9    Definition of terms                                                            7

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW

2.0    Introduction                                                                      9

2.1    Review of related literature                                             9

2.2    Theoretical framework

2.3    Summary of review                                                           33

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1    Introduction                                                                      35

3.2    Research design                                                                35

3.3    Area of study                                                                    35

3.4    Population of the study                                                    36

3.5    Sample size                                                                       36

3.6    Instrument for data collection                                          36

3.7    Reliability of the instrument                                            37

3.8    Validity of the Instrument                                               38

3.9    Method of data Collection                                                 38

3.10  Method of Data Analysis                                                  39

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS

4.1    Introduction                                                                      41

4.2    Characteristics of the respondents                                   41

4.3    Presentation of Data Analysis                                         43

4.4    Discussion of Findings                                                     48

4.5    Summary of findings                                                        49

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1    Summary                                                                          51

5.2    Conclusion                                                                        52

5.3    Recommendation                                                              53

Biography                                                                         54

Appendix                                                                           56

Abstract:
Sexual harassment within the tertiary science sector is a critical issue that poses significant implications for gender equity. This abstract provides an overview of the topic, highlighting its prevalence, effects on individuals and institutions, and the broader implications for achieving gender equity within the scientific community.

Sexual harassment is a pervasive problem affecting individuals across various professional fields, including the sciences. However, the tertiary science sector presents unique challenges due to its historically male-dominated nature and the power dynamics inherent in academic and research environments. Research studies have consistently shown that sexual harassment is prevalent in tertiary science, with a disproportionate impact on women and gender minorities.

The effects of sexual harassment in tertiary science are far-reaching and multifaceted. Victims often experience negative psychological, emotional, and physical consequences, which can lead to decreased job satisfaction, impaired academic performance, and even career attrition. Moreover, sexual harassment creates a hostile work environment that undermines the principles of gender equity, perpetuating the underrepresentation of women and gender minorities in science.

The implications for gender equity in tertiary science are profound. Sexual harassment acts as a barrier to the full participation and advancement of women and gender minorities in scientific fields. It perpetuates power imbalances and reinforces stereotypes, creating an environment that hinders the professional development and retention of underrepresented groups. This, in turn, exacerbates existing gender disparities in academic and research positions and undermines efforts to achieve gender equity in the scientific community.

Addressing sexual harassment in tertiary science requires a multifaceted approach. Educational initiatives, policy reforms, and institutional interventions are essential to create safe and inclusive environments. Promoting awareness, fostering a culture of respect, and providing resources for reporting and support are crucial steps towards combating sexual harassment. Additionally, implementing transparent and effective systems for investigation, accountability, and consequences for perpetrators are vital for establishing a culture of zero tolerance.

Ultimately, eliminating sexual harassment in tertiary science is paramount for achieving gender equity. By creating environments that are free from harassment, institutions can foster an inclusive and diverse scientific community where individuals of all genders can thrive, contribute their talents, and advance in their careers. Such efforts will not only benefit individuals but also promote scientific progress by harnessing the full potential of all scientists, irrespective of their gender.

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