THE ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS FOR URBAN TREES PLANTATION AND GROWTH USING THE INTERNET OF THINGS (IOT): THE CASE OF THE GREEN LEGACY PROGRAM
The Government planned to plant 5 billion seedlings this year. Over four billion were reportedly planted in the First Green Legacy Campaign organized in 2019 during the rainy season, which runs from the beginning of June to the end of August. However, planting trees is that it might have the opposite of a beneficial effect, and could even threaten some of the country’s ecosystems. Information about stewardship activities such as watering, treating air pollution removal, and plantation site improvements are also seldom tracked consistently after trees are planted despite research demonstrating that such activities may directly affect the health and growth of the trees. Thus, there was a need to design a solution for monitoring environmental conditions using state-of-the-art technologies. In this research, a Design science research methodology was used to design and developed an IoT-based prototype for monitoring environmental conditions, in order to manage and control urban tree plantation and growth. In the study, different devices and technologies were interconnected to create an embedded system and collect real-time data in the field. The systems inter-connected were GSM/GPRS module, Grove Sensors, DHT11 sensor, Arduino microcontroller, and ThingSpeak platform. The results of the study show that the automation process using IoT in environmental condition monitoring for urban tree plantation and growth reduced human interaction and improve efficiency. Testing and evaluation results also confirm that the study was more relevant in their sector, and they envisioned using the prototype in different ways. With the use of such tools, greater improvement can be realized in capturing field data. In addition, the thesis provides contributions to the knowledge base by identifying the challenge faced in planting trees and designing and developing an artifact, this could serve as a template for the implementation of such an artifact elsewhere.
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