ASSESSMENT OF EXECUTION OF NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR INSTITUTIONS OF EDUCATION NIGERIA CERTIFICATE IN EDUCATION SOCIAL STUDIES MINIMUM IDEALS

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ASSESSMENT OF EXECUTION OF NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR INSTITUTIONS OF EDUCATION NIGERIA CERTIFICATE IN EDUCATION SOCIAL STUDIES MINIMUM IDEALS

ABSTRACT

The study assessed the Implementation of National Commission for Colleges of Education Nigeria Certificate in Education Social Studies Minimum Standards in Colleges of Education. Six objectives guided the study amongst which are: to examine the state of adherence to prescribed admission requirements in implementing the social studies minimum standards by colleges of education in north-west geo-political zone of Nigeria; assess the availability and adequacy of instructional materials for implementation of social studies minimum standards in colleges of education in north-west geo-political zone of Nigeria; and to ascertain the pedagogical methods used by lecturers in implementing the social studies minimum standards in colleges of education in north west geo-political zone of Nigeria amongst others. Corresponding research questions and hypotheses were also stated. The study adopted a descriptive survey design using a total of two thousand six hundred and eighty-seven (2,687) NCE II students and one hundred and seventy (170) lecturers all from social studies department from the thirteen colleges of education within the zone as population for the study. While three hundred and fifty eight(358) lecturers and students were used as sample size. Stratified sampling was used, data was collected through a self-designed questionnaire titled National Commission for Colleges of Education Social Studies Curriculum (ANCCESSC). Resultof the revealed a reliability co-efficient of 0.836 was obtained. Data collected were analyzed using frequencies, percentages and standard deviation for the six research questions while chi-square and sample t-test were used to test the six hypotheses. Findings of the study revealed that; colleges of education is the zone  adhere significantly to the prescribed standards on admission requirements and instructional materials for implementing the prescribed minimum standards is adequate. It was concluded that the prescribed minimum requirements for students admission into social studies programmes in colleges of education in the zone is being adhered to: that the pedagogical methods used by lecturers such as field trip, practical and discussion in implementing the social studies curriculum in the colleges were considered appropriate and adequate, instructional materials required for the implementation of the programme were appropriate. It was recommended based on the findings that colleges of educationshould continue to adhere strictly to prescribed admission requirements for prospective students of social studies, efforts should be made to ensure that provision of instructional materials such as functional computers, pictures, news prints textbooks and functional video machines is proportionate to the number of students involved in learning the subject amongst others.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

Title Page-                                                                                                                  i

Declaration                                                                                                                        ii

Certification                                                                                                                      iii

Dedication                                                                                                                         iv

Acknowledgements                                                                                                           v

Abstract                                                                                                                             vi

Table of Contents                                                                                                            vii

List of TablesList of Figures                   xiii                                                                    xi

 

List of Appendices                                                                                                      xiv

List of Abbreviations                                                                                                  xv

Operational Definition of Terms                                                                                xvii

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background to the Study                                                                                1

1.2       Statement of the Problem                                                                               6

1.3       Objectives of the Study                                                                                   7

1.4       Research Questions                                                                                        8

1.5       Research Hypotheses                                                                                      9

1.6       Basic Assumptions                                                                                         10

1.7       Significance of the Study                                                                                11

1.8       Scope of the Study                                                                                          13

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.1       Introduction                                                                                                     14

2.2Conceptual Framework                                                                             14

  • 1Concept of Social Studies                                                                        15

2.2.2 Concept of Assessment                                                                          16

 

2.2.3    Concept of Curriculum                                                                                   17

2.2.4    Concept of Evaluation                                                                                     24

2.2.5   Conceptualization of NCCE Minimum Standards                                           27

  • Theoretical Framework                                                                         34
  • Historical Development of Social Studies in Nigeria                             41
    • Objectives of Social Studies in Nigeria Schools and Colleges             41
    • National Policy on Education Social Studies Objectives                         42
    • Curriculum Objectives for Teaching and Learning of Social Studies in

Colleges of Education in Nigeria                                                                   43

  • Social Studies as a Curriculum Area in Colleges of Education in Nigeria 45
  • Prescribed Pedagogical Methods for Implementing the SocialStudies

Minimum Standards in Colleges of Education in Nigeria                             49

  • Instructional Materials AND Resources for Implementing Social

Studies Curriculum in Colleges of Education in Nigeria                               50

  • Physical Facilities in Teaching and Learning Social Studies in College

of  Education in Nigeria                                                                                 54

  • General Characteristics of Assessment                                                 55
    • National Commission for Colleges of Education Assessment Guide for

NCE awarding Institutions in Nigeria                                                            57

2..2      Aspects to Access in Social Studies Education in Colleges of Education     59

  • Prescribed General Admission Requirement by National Commission

for Colleges of Education for NCE Programmes                                           61

  • Curriculum Implementation                                                                    66
    • Problems of Social Studies Curriculum Implementation in Collegesof

Education in Nigeria                                                                                     69

  • The Roles of National Commission for Colleges of Education (NCCE) inCurriculum Implementation in Colleges of Education in Nigeria       71
  • Roles of Provosts in Curriculum Implementation in Colleges of

Education in Nigeria                                                                                      76

  • General Roles of Quality Assurance in Ensuring the Implementation of Minimum Standards in Colleges of Education in Nigeria             79

 

  • National Commission for Colleges Of Education Quality Assurance

in NCE Awarding Institutions                                                                        84

 

  • Empirical studies                                                                                    90
  • Summary                                                                                                 115

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

  • Introduction                                                                                                 117
  • Research Design                                                                                     117
  • Population                                                                                                 117
  • Sample and Sampling Technique                                                             119
  • Instrumentation                                                                                     119
    • Validity of the Instruments                                                                         120
    • Pilot Study                                                                                                 121
    • Reliability of the Instrument                                                                    121
  • Procedure for Data Collection                                                             122
  • Procedure for Data Analysis                                                                    122

CHAPTER FOUR: RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS

  • Introduction                                                                                                 123
  • Demographic Characteristics of the Respondents                                     123
  • Answers to Research Questions                                                             126
  • Test of Hypotheses                                                                                     137
  • Summary of Major Findings                                                                   150
  • Discussions of Findings                                                                           151

 

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1       Introduction                                                                                                     154

5.2       Summary                                                                                                        154

5.3       Conclusion                                                                                                      155

5.4       Recommendations                                                                                          156

5.5       Suggestions for Further Studies                                                                      157

5.5.1 Contribution to Knowledge                                                                              157

References                                                                                                      159

Appendices                                                                                                     182

 

 

LIST OF TABLES 

        Tables                         Items                                                                                       Page

  1. Standard physical facilities needed in a college of education in

Nigeria for the smooth implementation of the Social Studies Curriculum  55

2          Assessment Table                                                                                           56

  1. An amalgamated definition of quality assurance: Policies that ensure

that the teaching is maintained                                                                       87

  1. Population of NCE II Social Studies Students and Lecturers in Colleges

of Education in North-West Zone of Nigeria                                                 118

  1. Sample Table                                                                                          119

6          Classification of Respondents by Gender.                                                      123

  1. Classification of Students by Age Range.                                                      124

8:         Classification of the Lecturers by highest qualifications.                              124

  1. Classification of the Lecturers by years of Experience on the Job.        125
  2. Classification of the Lecturers by Rank.                                                125
  3. Opinions of the Respondents on Adherence to Admission Requirements 126
  4. Opinions of the Respondents on Adequacy and Availability of

InstructionalMaterials for Implementing the Social Studies

Minimum Standards in the Colleges of Education                                         128

  1. Opinions of the students on Adequacy of Pedagogical Methods for Implementing the Social StudiesMinimum Standards in Colleges of

Education                                                                                                        129

13:       Opinions of the respondents on appropriateness of the Evaluation

Strategies used for implementing the Minimum Standards in the

Colleges of Education                                                                                     131

  1. Opinions of the lecturers on Adequacy of Physical Facilities/ Equipmentsfor implementing Social Studies Minimum Standards in

Colleges of Education.                                                                                    132

  1. Opinions of the students on adequacy of equipments for Implementing the Social Studies in Colleges of Education Minimum Standards.        134

 

  1. Opinions of the lecturers on challenges associated with Quality Assurance for implementing the Social Studies Minimum Standards

in Colleges of Education.                                                                               136

  1. Chi-square on difference between the state of adherence and prescribed

admission requirement                                                                                    138

  1. One sample t-test on adherence and the prescribed minimum standards for

Admission requirement                                                                                  139

  1. Chi-square on difference between the availability and adequacy of instructional materials  prescribed for social studies minimum standards

implementation                                                                                               140

  1. One sample t-test on adequacy/ availability of instructional materials for implementation of social  student minimum  standards                     141
  2. Chi-square on difference in pedagogical methods  required in implementing

the  social studies prescribed minimum standards.                                         142

  1. One sample T-test on pedagogical methods required for the implementation

of  social studies minimum standards                                                             143

23: Chi-square on difference in pedagogical methods used for implementation of Social Studies Minimum Standards by the Colleges of Education          144 24.            Sample t-test  on evaluation strategies used  and standards required   for  the effective implementation of social studies curriculum                    145

  1. Chi-square on evaluation physical facilities/equipments and the StandardsRequired for effective implementation of social

studies minimum standards                                                                            146

  1. sample t-test on physical facilities/ equipments and prescribed

Requirements for effective implementation of social studies minimum

Standards                                                                                                        147

  1. Chi-square on challenges of quality assurance and standards required for

the implementation of social studies in the colleges                                      148 LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1.         Key components of the CIPP Evaluation model and associated

relationships                                                                                       37

 

       

LIST OF APPENDICES

Appendix A: Federal Republic of Nigeria, National Commission for Colleges of Education, Abuja: Nigeria Certificate in Education Minimum Standards for General Education Courses,2012 Edition (TETF

Project), Abuja.

Appendix B: Federal Republic of Nigeria, National Commission for Colleges of Education, Abuja: Nigeria Certificate in Education Minimum Standards for Arts and Social Science Courses,2012 Edition (TETF Project), Abuja.
Appendix C: Federal Republic of Nigeria, National Commission for Colleges of Education, Abuja: Nigeria Curriculum Implementation Framework for Nigeria Certificate in Education 2012 Edition (TETF Project), Abuja.
Appendix D: Letter of Introduction to Sample Colleges of Education to

Administer Questionnaire

Appendix E: List of Accredited Colleges of Education in Nigeria as at 2016
Appendix F: Questionnaire for Social Studies Lecturers/ Students on

Assessment of Implementation of Social Studies Minimum Standards in Colleges of Education in North-West Geo-Political

Zone of Nigeria.

Appendix G: Result of Pilot Study
Appendix H: Instrument Validation Forms.

 

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS

%                                                        percentages

µ                                                          PI

ACE                                                    Associate Certificate in Education

AM                                                      Audio Materials

AVM                                                   Audio Visual Materials

CEOs                                                  Chief Executive Officers

CGPA                                                 Cumulative Grade Point Average

CP                                                       Center Periphery

DF                                                       Degree of Freedom

F                                                          Frequency

FCTC                                                 Federal Craft Training Certificate

FGN                                                    Federal Government of Nigeria

FME                                                   Federal Ministry of Education

FRN                                                    Federal Republic of Nigeria

GCE                                                    General Certificate in Education

GPA                                                     Grade Point Average

JAMB                                                 Joint Admission and Matriculation Board

MDGs                                                 Millennium Development Goals

NCCE                                                 National Commission for Colleges of Education

NCE                                                   Nigeria Certificate in Education

NECO                                                 National Examination Council

NERDC                                              Nigeria Educational Research and Development

Council

NGOs                                                 Non Governmental Organizations

NPE                                                    National Policy on Education

NTI                                                     National Teachers Institute

RD & DM                                           Research Development and Diffusion Models

PTTP                                                  Pivotal Teacher Training Programme

QA                                                      Quality Assurance

RD&D                                                Research Development and Diffusion

SDGs                                                   Sustainable Development Goals

SSC                                                     Senior Secondary School Certificate

TC II                                                  Teacher‟s Grade II

UNESCO                                              United Nations Education Scientific and Cultural

Organization

USAID                                                United State Agency for

InternationalDevelopment

WAEC                                                West African Examination Council

Operational Definition of Terms

   
Assessment:  Establishment whether the set minimum standards is taught the way it should be taught.
Curriculum: The totality of all the planned and unplanned learning experiences offered to learners under the auspices of a school unit to achieve societal educational goals.
Evaluation: Act of establishing extent to which learning outcomes are in tune with set objectives of curriculum.
Implementation: Putting into plan or action decision, proposal, intention,

agreement, policy or idea into effect.

Minimum Standards:Official document (curriculum) for the training of teachers in

colleges of education.

Pedagogy: Strategies for providing learning experiences to students in Colleges of Education.
Social Studies: Those common learning of man‟s interaction with his social and

physical                                                                       environment.

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

        1.9       Background to the Study

Education is a human right as proclaimed in article 26 of Universal Declaration Of Human Rights, as a key to building up individual capacities as well as increasing their skills that are necessary for techno-economic development and as a means for hopefully addressing some of the pressing societal issues.It has been accepted by developed nations as the most potent tool to achieve their goals. This is one cogent reason why nations all over the world expand much of their resources on education (Kazeem and Ige, 2010). Education in its broadest sense provides the backdrop against which development achieves its meaning. Nigerian governmentis not oblivious of this critical need for balanced and sustainable human and national development. Hence, her position which is clearly articulated in the Federal Republic of Nigeria, National Policy on Education (2014); that any existing contradictions, ambiguities, and lack of uniformity in educational practice in the different parts of the federation should be removed to facilitate an orderly development of the country.

The Nigeria of one‟s dream is one that is “free and democratic, just and egalitarian, united, strong and self-reliant; with a great and dynamic economy, and above all, a land full of bright opportunities for all the citizens”. These national goals also underlie the philosophical ideals of Nigerian education of which teacher educationis one concrete manifestation (FRN, 2014). The teacher is the kingpin of quality in education. Since education has become the primary tool for the overall development, of society, teacher education has to occupy a position of pre-eminence in the planning and organization of modern society. This in turn demands that the Nigerian people and government make both teaching and teacher education a very attractive professional pursuit.

According to Federal Republic of  Nigeria (FGN) (2012), curriculum implementation framework for Nigeria certificate in education,the mission of teacher education in Nigeria should, among others, include: production of well-motivated teachers with high personal and professional discipline, integrity and competence for all levels of the educational system; preparation of teachers with appreciable expertise in curriculum planning, development and delivery, as well as competence in production of professionals who can combine the use of conventional teaching strategies and worlds‟ unfolding ICT in the generation and imparting of knowledge, attitudes and skills; continuous preparation and upgrading of teachers who can stand out for their professional competence, sense of social responsibility and commitment, to function effectively as constructive socio-economic, moral and spiritual change agents needed to promote goodwill, peace and progress not only in the country but also in the world of the 21st century (FGN, NCCE, 2012, pg. 9).

The NCE programme being a major sector of teacher education, generally aims at producing teachers with high personal and professional discipline and integrity, teachers who are dedicated with appropriate knowledge, skills and attitudes that would facilitate easy achievement of the national goals. This is all the more important when one notes that the government‟s decision that NCE shall ultimately be the minimum entry qualification into the teaching profession in Nigeria. More importantly, with the signing into law of the Universal

Basic Education act in 2004, production of specialist teachers for all the levels of Basic Education becomes imperative. This is why the NCCE has produced minimum standards specifically designed for the implementation of courses of NCE programmes and for teacher education training institutions in the country. The National Commission for Colleges of Education (NCCE) provides the minimum standards for implementation of courses taught in NCE awarding institutions across the country. The agency supervises, accredits and reviews teacher education programmes, the minimum standards contains guidelines for the training of teacher educators and defines the minimum the educators should be able to do as well as their dispositions towards their work.

According to Ibrahim (2015), the goals of wealth creation, employment generation, poverty reduction and value re-orientation can effectively be pursued, attained and sustained only through an efficient, relevant and functional educational system. In Nigeria, education is viewed as an instrument for transforming individuals, communities and the nation and a mechanism for skills acquisition required for societal survival and growth. Education is the only instrument for social reconstruction where a social order characterized by such values as integrity, morality, creativity, industry and self-reliance are envisaged.(Fwang‟le, 2015). Being a medium for social security, education enables people to understand their immediate environment and the world in general. This invariably enables them to improve the quality of their lives. Quality education at all levels: primary, secondary and tertiary is desired all Nigerians. At the colleges of education levels, quality education is absolutely necessary because that is where NCCE education minimum standards are implemented with the goals of producing highly motivated, conscientious and efficient classroom teachers for all levels of Nigeria educational system.

The national aims and objectives of education in Nigeria have sufficiently proposed an effective social education that inculcates desired attitudes, values, skills, abilities, competencies and knowledge for the survival of the individual, the Nigerian society and the world around. This is coming from the backdrop that Nigeria, as most African countries since independence, has its primary focus at overhauling the then existing colonial policies on education. Education is and is still being regarded as the prime mover of development and eradication of social ills and indiscipline. It is believed that changing educational policies and structure would create nationalistic citizens and bring overall development. The change from colonialism to nationhood necessitated a new form of education and a new general school curriculum. To meet the societal needs for functionality and relevance, a new Social Studies curriculum emerged.Functionality, relevance and quality became issues in education at independence to address many societal problems like ethnicity instability, boundary disputes, religious intolerance, large scale poverty, ignorance, squalor and diseases. Leaders were concerned that there should exist a functional and qualitative social education that would help minimize, if not eradicate the social ills.

To actualize the national aims and objectives, the following philosophy of NCE Nigeria Certificate in Education (NCE) Social Studies curriculum which is to instill in the students, the basic knowledge, desirable values and skills for investigating, analyzing and explaining the interrelationships of man and his complex relationships with the world around and beyond was developed. The National Commission for Colleges of Education (NCCE, 2009) stated that Social Studies programme is designed with the objectives of producing teachers who are both professionally committed and academically competent in its philosophy, content and methodology. Towards this end, the NCE Social Studies minimum standards is designed with the following objectives to;

  1. produce professionally and academically competent NCE social studies teachers for the basic 1-9 schools;
  2. prepare teachers who will inculcate in their pupils rational adjustment to their physical and social environment through acquisition of knowledge, attitudes and values, appreciation and skills necessary for developing social and civic responsibilities; and
  3. produce students who are capable of benefitting from further education in social studies and related areas (NCCE, 2009).

The implementation of the NCCE, NCE Social Studies minimum standards in colleges of education over the years has left much to be desired. As a subject which is supposed to meet the societal needs for functionality and relevance, and to make its learners competent in correcting and solving the ills of the society, they have rather become victims and perpetrators of ills like, disrespect, indecent dressing, dishonesty, disdain for manual labour, examinationmalpractice, sexual abuse, religious intolerance, ignorance, ethnicity, amongst others. This is because colleges of education has failed to adhere strictly to the variables of admission/ graduation requirements, instructional materials, pedagogy methods, evaluation strategies physical facilities personnel and supervision as specified in the minimum standards.Lack of strict adherence have contributed to poor implementation of the Social Studiesminimum standards leading to poor performance which also reflects in their behaviors after leaving school.

As noted by Okam (2008), there is an indication that Social Studieseducation has not been properly implemented in schools and colleges to equip learners with necessary knowledge, facts and ideas that enhance positive values and attitudes for survival of individuals and society, that is why social problems ranging from disrespect to elders and constituted authorities, chronic dishonesty, corruption, religious crises, ethnic/tribal crises, murder, arson examination malpractice, drug abuse, cultism, indiscipline and other forms of maladapted behaviours has be-devilled the Nigerian society.From the foregoing it is evident that, the nature of this discrepancy had not been established for effective intervention strategies to be put in place. Hence, the need for this study which is set out to determine possible reasons for the assumed discrepancy between the stated objectives of teachingsocial studiesin colleges of education of students that do not reflect the acquisition of what social studies intends to achieve in colleges of education in Nigeria.

 

        1.2       Statement of the problem

Social Studies as an academic programme was introduced to the Nigerian educational system with the aim of inculcating positive values and building a better Nigeria and to help learners develop the ability to adapt to the ever-changing environment through the acquisition of relevant knowledge, attitudes, values and practical skills. It was designed into the national curriculum of schools and colleges to provide functional social education to Nigerian children and youths. The programme is expected to make good citizens and patriots out of youths of Nigeria. All the above could be possible only when there is effective curriculum implementation in schools and colleges; particularly in Colleges of Education where the NCCE Social Studies minimum standards operate but unfortunately, the implementation seems to be faced with a lot of challenges which have resultedin exhibition of certain societal problems by the youths.

Okam (2008) noted that there is an indication thatsocial studieseducation has not been properly implemented in schools to equip learners with the necessary knowledge, facts and ideas that can enhance positive values and attitudes for the survival of individuals and the society. Thatis why social problems ranging from disrespect to elders and constituted authorities, chronic dishonesty, corruption, religious crises, ethnic tribal crises, murder, arson, examination malpractice, drug abuse, cultism, indiscipline and other forms of maladaptive behaviourswhich have bedeviled the Nigerian society.

The manner in which educational policies are implemented determines the successor otherwise of such policies. No matter how well articulated the philosophy and objectives of a curriculum are, how well selected and organized the content may be, if all that is required for the implementation are not properly met, all the efforts may have been a waste of time. These issues call for concern and adequate attention. The problem of this study is therefore on the extent to which Colleges of Education in North-west geo-political zone of Nigeria comply with the requirement for the implementation ofsocial studies minimum standards.

        1.3       Objectives of the Study

The main objective of the study is to assess the implementation of National Commission for Colleges of Education Nigeria Certificate in Education Social Studies minimum standards in colleges of education. The specific objectives are to:

  1. examine thestate of adherence to prescribed admission requirements in implementing NCCE, NCE the social studies minimum standards by colleges of education in northwest geo-political zone of Nigeria,
  2. assess the availability and adequacy of instructional materials for implementation of NCCE, NCE social studies minimum standards in colleges of education in north-west geo-political zone of Nigeria,
  3. ascertain the pedagogical methods used by lecturers in implementing the NCCE, NCE social studies minimum standards colleges of education in north-west geopolitical zone of Nigeria,
  4. determine the appropriateness of the evaluation strategies used by lecturers in implementing the NCCE, NCE social studies minimum standards in colleges of education north-west geo-political zone of Nigeria,
  5. findout the adequacy and availability of physical facilities/equipments for the implementation of NCCE, NCE social studies minimum standards in colleges of education north-west geo-political zone of Nigeria; and
  6. determine the supervisory roles of quality assurance officers in implementation of NCCE, NCE social studies minimum standards in colleges of education in north-west geo-political zone of Nigeria.

 

        1.4       Research Questions

The following research questions guided the study:

  1. what is the extent of adherence to prescribed admission requirements in implementation of NCCE, NCE Social Studies minimum standards by colleges of education in north-west geo-political zone of Nigeria?
  2. to what extent are the instructional materials for the implementation of NCCE, NCE Social Studies minimum standards available and adequate in colleges of education in north-west geo-political zone of Nigeria?
  3. what are the pedagogical methods used by lecturers in implementing the NCCE, NCE social studies minimum standards in colleges of education in north-west geo-political zone of Nigeria?
  4. are the evaluation strategies used by lecturers appropriate for implementing the NCCE, NCE social studies minimum standards in colleges of education in northwest geo-political zone of Nigeria?
  5. to what extent are physical facilities/equipment‟s adequate and available for the implementation of NCCE, NCE social studies minimum standards in colleges of education in north-west geo-political zone of Nigeria?
  6. in what ways do the quality assurance officers supervise the implementation of NCCE social studies minimum standards in colleges of education in north-west geo-political zone of Nigeria?

 

        1.5       Hypotheses

The following hypotheses were formulated and tested in the study:

H01: There is no significant difference in thestate ofadherence to prescribed admission requirements and the standards required forimplementation of NCCE NCEsocial studies minimum standards by colleges of education in north-west geo-political zone of Nigeria.

H02: There is no significant difference in the availability and adequacy of instructional materials and standards required in implementation of NCCE NCE social studies minimum standards in colleges of education in north-west geo-political zone of Nigeria;

H03: There is no significant difference in the pedagogical methods used by social studieslecturers and standards required for the implementation of NCCE, NCE social studies minimum standards in colleges of education in north-west geo-political zone of Nigeria;

H04: There is no significant difference in evaluation strategies used and standards required for the effective implementation of NCCE, NCE social studies minimum standards in colleges of education in north-west geo-political zone of Nigeria;

H05:     There    is    no     significant    difference    inthe     available    number    of     physical

facilities/equipment‟s and the standards required for the effective implementation of NCCE, NCE social studies minimum standards in colleges of education in north-west geo-political zone of Nigeria; and

H06: There is no significant difference in the supervisory roles of quality assurance officers and standards required for the implementation of NCCE, NCE social studies minimum standards in colleges of education in north-west geo-political zone of Nigeria.

 

        1.6       Basic Assumptions

The study was based on the following assumptions:

  1. Social Studies minimum standards for colleges of education isplanned, designed, developed and distributed by National Commission for Colleges of Education.
  2. Relevant instructional materials for proper implementation of NCCE, NCE Social Studies minimum standards in Colleges of Education are in short supply and in bad shape.
  3. Implementation of NCCE, NCESocial Studies minimum standards has no effects on behaviour of students in colleges of education due to gross shortages of qualified staff.
  4. Prescribed standards for result oriented Social Studies minimum standards in colleges of education are not observed.
  5. Proper methods of teaching in the cognitive, affective and psychomotor domains of students are not largely applied in colleges of education.
  6. Relevant and adequate evaluation strategies are not put to use to ascertain learning outcomes in line with the objectives of social studies education in colleges of education.

        1.7       Significance of the Study

This study will be significant to all stake holders in education, specifically, teachers, students, government, curriculum planners and developers,researchers and National Commission for Colleges of Education (NCCE) as it will provide them with information regarding the extent to which Social Studies NCCE minimum standards are being

implemented in colleges of education in creating the effective Nigeria citizen as envisaged in the national policy on education.

The study will benefit Social Studies lecturers in colleges of education who are the implementers of NCCE social studies minimum standards by realizing their roles in effective Implementation of social studies content and how best to implement the social studies curriculum with a view to achieving the objectives of social studies education.

The outcome of the research will assist social studies students in colleges of education as to the values and value-characteristics including the attitudes evoked from them and which they are expected to display as prospective citizens designed to operate effectively within the social framework of a young democracy such as Nigeria, it is likely that an awareness amongst students accruing from the results of this study will help them come to terms about what it takes to build a healthy society through classroom exposure to a requisite curriculum context as provided in social studiesminimum standards.

Curriculum planners will find the results useful as information regarding teaching and learning will be gotten and also to make necessary inclusion as it regardssocial studies at NCE level in colleges of education and other teacher education institutions. The study will also assist curriculum specialists with the right type of information regarding selection of appropriate educational resources and teaching methodology, facilities required and implementation strategies in social studies and also determine evaluation strategies among others. Ministries of education will use the results to organize conferences, workshops and seminars to sensitize and retrain social studiesteachers particularly on curriculum implementation. The government will also use the results for planning and executing programmes. Colleges of education will use the findings in reviewing their programme objectives and be up-to-date in their responsibilities of training of would-be-teachers for maximum service delivery in schools. The study also provides opportunity for education stakeholders to identify the lapses in social studiescurriculum implementation so that predicaments can be addressed to make the subject achieve like cases recorded in America and Britain.

The study will offer National Commission for Colleges of Education (NCCE) opportunity to monitor operational activities of colleges of education under their jurisdiction as they implement the minimum standards and to ensure conformity with international best practices as far as school supervision is concerned, the outcome will open up-opportunities for training and retraining of personnel associated with implementation of social studies minimum standards in colleges of education. it will also provide feedback that will lead to improvement on the minimum standards; quality assurance officials which involves external supervisors will benefit greatly from this research work, the quality control officials who are responsible for ensuring the effective supervisions of implementation at Colleges of Educations will benefit from the data collected from the research as findings will help them improve on their assignment. Finally, the study will serve as a reference material for researchers interested in the area of assessment of NCCE minimum standards, it will also provide a spring-board from which similar areas of study would be looked into, and also stimulate research interest in the areas concerned.

 

        1.8       Scope of the Study

The scope of the study is delimited to assessment of implementation of national commission for colleges of education NCCE NCE minimum standards in social studies among colleges of education in Nigeria, specifically the study will be limited to north-west geo political zone of Nigeria, comprising of Jigawa, Kano, Kaduna, Katsina, Kebbi, Sokoto and Zamfara states respectively, samples were drawn from Federal College of Education, Kano, Federal College of Education, Zaria, Shehu Shagari College of Education,Sokoto and College of Education, Maru Zamfara State. The research is concerned with the extent to which social studies minimum standards is implemented in colleges of education with reference  to admission requirements, availability and adequacy of instructional materials, pedagogical methods, availability and adequacy of physical facilities andappropriateness of evaluation strategies/ techniques used by the lecturers. The research is delimited to social studies lecturers and NCE II social studies students in the sampled colleges of education of 2016/2017 academic session.

ASSESSMENT OF EXECUTION OF NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR INSTITUTIONS OF EDUCATION NIGERIA CERTIFICATE IN EDUCATION SOCIAL STUDIES MINIMUM IDEALS

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