THE ROLE OF THIRD WORLD NEWS AGENCIES IN GLOBAL DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION
(A CASE STUDY OF NEWS AGENCY OF NIGERIA, (NAN).
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The main objective of this study is to investigate the roles of third world news Agencies in the Global Dissemination of information. The News Agency of Nigeria was used as a case study. A survey research method was used in the study and a sample of one hundred person were selected and administered with questionnaire. Five hypothesis were formulated and tested for the study. The chi-square was used in the analysis of the data collected from the respondents. Simple percentage was also used in the data analysis. The result of the study was that the third world News Agencies plays great roles in the global dissemination of information.The researcher also made a number of recommendations to guide further studies in the related area of study.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Table of content
1.1 Background of the study
1.2 Statement of the research problem
1.3 Objective of the study
1.4 Significance of the study
1.5 Research question
1.6 Research Hypothesis
1.7 Conceptual and Operational definition
1.9 Scope and limitation of the study
2.0 Review of the literature
2.1 Sources of literature
2.2 News Agencies
2.3 International News Agencies
2.4 Third world News Agencies
2.5 pan-African News Agencies
2.6 The News Agency of Nigeria
2.7 New World information & Communication order (NWICO)
2.8 International debate on New world information and communication order (NWICO) Argument put forward
by the third world countries
2.9 Counter arguments put forward by the developed nations
2.10 UNESCO Intervention
2.11 Non-Aligned movement
2.12 Theoretical foundation of the study, Development
2.13 Summary of literature reviewed notes
3.0 Research Methodology
3.1 Research method
3.2 Research design
3.3 Research Sample
3.4 Measuring instrument
3.5 Data collection and method of data analysis
3.6 Expected results
4.0 Data Analysis and Results
4.1 Data Analysis
Summary Recommendation for further study and conclusion
5.2 Recommendations for further study
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
This study sets out to investigate the role of third world News Agencies in the global dissemination of information using News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) as a case study.
News Agencies are the bodies responsible for the dissemination of world information. They have correspondents who play the role of carrying news across borders.
Some correspondents such as those working for television and new papers reports back to media in their own countries and they approach the news from the view points of the specific readers and viewers. Other reports to agencies which distribute their news through nationally or internationally circulated magazines and they attempt to achieve a more universal outlook including details of interest to readers from many countries.
News Agencies are sometimes called wire services, this is because their offices are literally lived to their clients by wires and cables over which news and pictures flows.
News Agencies gather, write, edit and send news stories, features, analysis and other materials to clients mostly newspapers, magazine, radio and television stations. The services is also available to commercial and individuals seeking for information. The clients depends on the agencies for the news or information that they cannot gather on their own for economic or other factors.
There are three categories of news Agencies, the first category comprises of those agencies known world wide and often referred to as trans-national news agencies includes, Associated press (AP) United press international (UPI) Telegraph Agenstro sovets Kavo Souiza (TASKS), Agence France Press (AFP) and Reuters.
The second category includes news Agencies that have clients and correspondents in many countries but whose services are not spread to every part of the global like those of the world News agencies, for example, India Press Trust (INPT), Pan African News agencies of individual countries of developing countries. These news agencies are found in Africa, Latin America and Asian counties.
The News agency of Nigeria (NAN) belongs to the third worlds news agencies. The third world National news agencies acts as gate keeper in determining what information from the global flow gets to their national media in some cases, deciding what internal news gets into the international system as well.
NAN was founded as a state enterprise and began operations about 29 years ago like most news organizations, opinion in a professional and objective manner.
According to one assessment (Ugbaja 1980) “NAN must not act as an institutional opponent to government or interest, but where it is an the public interest to report criticism or public policy, it must do so on a retrained and objective manner”
In most developing countries, News Agencies are established, funded and controlled by the government, in most cases; they serve as an arm of the ministry of information clearing houses especially for the purpose of exporting news about government to local and foreign media.
Initially, world news agencies also preeminent in the order of the flow were dominated by the European news agencies.
This is to alleged unbalance in the news flow and reporting in the third world countries the inadequate and high cost of telecommunication facilities the greatest obstacles to the foundation of viable news agencies.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE RESEARCH PROBLEM
Communication is the nucleus of all human activities and information dissemination is a vital and sensitive job which requires carefulness and effectiveness in order to achieve the required objective.
News agencies occupy prominent position and play important roles in carry information and news across the borders. Since the emergence of news agency journalism., the news flow has improved. News agency gather, process, edit and distribute news materials and features to subscribers either in the form of fee or exchange or depending on agreement.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OD THE STUDY
The main objective of the study is to make critical analyses of the role of the third world news agencies in the global dissemination of information using News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) as a case study. The study will look into the functions of NAN, modes of operations. The study will also make a number of services of NAN as regards information dissemination.
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The study will provide a comprehensive analysis of the roles of the third world news agencies with particular references to NAN in the global dissemination of information.
The study will be useful to other news agencies, media institution and government of the implementation of their mass communication policies.
The study will also serve as a reference material to students and other researchers in the similar area of study.
1.5 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
The following research questions were asked:-
- Does NAN report balanced news stories in Nigeria?
- Does NAN transmit Nigerian culture?
- Does NAN disseminate the world news?
- Does NAN justify its purpose of establishment?
- Does NAN sets agenda on international issues?
The following research hypothesis were formulated to guide the study.
H1: The NAN reports balanced news stories in Nigeria.
H0: The NAN does not report balanced news stories in Nigeria
H2: The NAN transmits Nigerian culture.
H0: The NAN does not transmit Nigeria culture.
H3: The NAN disseminates world news to Nigeria citizens .
H0: The NAN does not disseminate world news to Nigeria citizens.
H4: The NAN justifies its purpose of establishment.
H0: The NAN does not justify its purpose of establishment.
H5: The NAN sets agenda on international issue.
H0: The NAN does not set agenda on international issues.