SYNTHETIC MULTISENSORY APPROACH AND THE READING SKILLS DEVELOPMENT IN PHONEMIC AWARENESS OF PUPILS IN LOWER BASIC SCHOOLS IN OGUN STATE, NIGERIA

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SYNTHETIC MULTISENSORY APPROACH AND THE READING SKILLS DEVELOPMENT IN PHONEMIC AWARENESS OF PUPILS IN LOWER BASIC SCHOOLS IN OGUN STATE, NIGERIA 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page                                                                                  i

Declaration                                                                                ii

Approval Page                                                                           iii

Dedication                                                                                  iv

Abstract                                                                                     vi

Table of Contents                                                                      vii

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1    Introduction                                                 1

1.2  Background of the study       3

1.3    Statement of the General Problem                                  4

1.4    Objective of the study                                                       5

1.5    Significance of the study                                                  5

1.6    Statement of hypothesis                                                   6

1.7    Scope of the study                                                             6

1.8    Limitation of the study                                                     7

1.9    Definition of terms                                                            7

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW

2.0    Introduction                                                                      9

2.1    Review of related literature                                             9

2.2    Theoretical framework

2.3    Summary of review                                                           33

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1    Introduction                                                                      35

3.2    Research design                                                                35

3.3    Area of study                                                                    35

3.4    Population of the study                                                    36

3.5    Sample size                                                                       36

3.6    Instrument for data collection                                          36

3.7    Reliability of the instrument                                            37

3.8    Validity of the Instrument                                               38

3.9    Method of data Collection                                                 38

3.10  Method of Data Analysis                                                  39

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS

4.1    Introduction                                                                      41

4.2    Characteristics of the respondents                                   41

4.3    Presentation of Data Analysis                                         43

4.4    Discussion of Findings                                                     48

4.5    Summary of findings                                                        49

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1    Summary                                                                          51

5.2    Conclusion                                                                        52

5.3    Recommendation                                                              53

Biography                                                                         54

Appendix                                                                           56

Abstract:
This abstract provides a summary of a study conducted to examine the effectiveness of a synthetic multisensory approach in enhancing the development of reading skills, particularly phonemic awareness, among pupils in lower basic schools in Ogun State, Nigeria. Phonemic awareness is a crucial component of early reading acquisition and is associated with improved reading proficiency. However, many pupils in Nigeria face challenges in developing phonemic awareness, which can hinder their overall reading abilities.

The study employed a mixed-methods research design, incorporating both quantitative and qualitative approaches. A sample of pupils from lower basic schools in Ogun State was selected, and they were divided into experimental and control groups. The experimental group received instruction using a synthetic multisensory approach, which involved integrating visual, auditory, and kinesthetic modalities in teaching phonemic awareness. The control group received traditional instruction methods typically employed in Nigerian schools.

Quantitative data were collected through pre- and post-intervention assessments, measuring pupils’ phonemic awareness skills. Additionally, qualitative data were gathered through observations, interviews, and focus group discussions with teachers and pupils to gain insights into their experiences and perceptions of the synthetic multisensory approach.

The findings indicated that the synthetic multisensory approach significantly improved the phonemic awareness skills of pupils in the experimental group compared to the control group. The experimental group demonstrated greater proficiency in phoneme segmentation, blending, and manipulation. The qualitative data provided further support for the effectiveness of the synthetic multisensory approach, revealing positive experiences and perceptions among both teachers and pupils.

These findings suggest that integrating a synthetic multisensory approach into reading instruction can be a promising strategy for enhancing phonemic awareness skills among pupils in lower basic schools in Ogun State, Nigeria. This approach capitalizes on the diverse sensory modalities to engage pupils actively and facilitate their understanding of the sound-symbol relationships in reading. The study recommends the integration of synthetic multisensory techniques in teacher training programs and the development of appropriate instructional materials to support the implementation of this approach in Nigerian classrooms.

Keywords: Synthetic Multisensory Approach, Phonemic Awareness, Reading Skills Development, Lower Basic Schools, Ogun State, Nigeria

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