SELF-EFFICACY AND SELF-ESTEEM AS PREDICTORS OF STUDENTS ATTITUDE TOWARDS EXAMINATION MISCONDUCTS IN RIVERS STATE SECONDARY SCHOOLS

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SELF-EFFICACY AND SELF-ESTEEM AS PREDICTORS OF STUDENTS ATTITUDE TOWARDS EXAMINATION MISCONDUCTS IN RIVERS STATE SECONDARY SCHOOLS 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page                                                                                  i

Declaration                                                                                ii

Approval Page                                                                           iii

Dedication                                                                                  iv

Abstract                                                                                     vi

Table of Contents                                                                      vii

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1    Inroduction                                                 1

1.2  Background of the study       3

1.3    Statement of the General Problem                                  4

1.4    Objective of the study                                                       5

1.5    Significance of the study                                                  5

1.6    Statement of hypothesis                                                   6

1.7    Scope of the study                                                             6

1.8    Limitation of the study                                                     7

1.9    Definition of terms                                                            7

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW

2.0    Introduction                                                                      9

2.1    Review of related literature                                             9

2.2    Theoretical framework

2.3    Summary of review                                                           33

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1    Introduction                                                                      35

3.2    Research design                                                                35

3.3    Area of study                                                                    35

3.4    Population of the study                                                    36

3.5    Sample size                                                                       36

3.6    Instrument for data collection                                          36

3.7    Reliability of the instrument                                            37

3.8    Validity of the Instrument                                               38

3.9    Method of data Collection                                                 38

3.10  Method of Data Analysis                                                  39

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS

4.1    Introduction                                                                      41

4.2    Characteristics of the respondents                                   41

4.3    Presentation of Data Analysis                                         43

4.4    Discussion of Findings                                                     48

4.5    Summary of findings                                                        49

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1    Summary                                                                          51

5.2    Conclusion                                                                        52

5.3    Recommendation                                                              53

Biography                                                                         54

Appendix                                                                           56

Abstract:
This research study explores the relationship between self-efficacy, self-esteem, and students’ attitudes towards examination misconducts in Rivers State secondary schools. The aim of the study is to investigate whether self-efficacy and self-esteem serve as predictors of students’ attitudes towards engaging in examination misconducts.

The research methodology employed a quantitative approach, utilizing a survey questionnaire as the primary data collection instrument. A sample of students from various secondary schools in Rivers State was selected through a stratified random sampling technique. The questionnaire consisted of items that measured self-efficacy, self-esteem, and attitudes towards examination misconducts.

The results of the study indicated a significant relationship between self-efficacy and students’ attitudes towards examination misconducts. Higher levels of self-efficacy were associated with more positive attitudes, indicating a decreased likelihood of engaging in examination misconducts. Similarly, self-esteem was found to be negatively correlated with students’ attitudes towards examination misconducts, with higher levels of self-esteem associated with more positive attitudes.

Furthermore, regression analysis revealed that both self-efficacy and self-esteem significantly predicted students’ attitudes towards examination misconducts. The findings suggest that students who possess higher levels of self-efficacy and self-esteem are less likely to engage in examination misconducts.

These results have important implications for educational policymakers, school administrators, and teachers. By promoting and enhancing students’ self-efficacy and self-esteem, educators can foster positive attitudes towards examinations and reduce the incidence of misconduct. Strategies such as providing support, encouragement, and opportunities for students to develop their self-efficacy beliefs and self-esteem should be incorporated into educational interventions.

In conclusion, this study provides insights into the role of self-efficacy and self-esteem as predictors of students’ attitudes towards examination misconducts in Rivers State secondary schools. It highlights the importance of promoting positive self-beliefs and self-esteem among students to foster a culture of academic integrity and discourage examination misconducts.

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