JUVENILE JUSTICE AND REHABILITATION: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF INTERNATIONAL MODELS
This paper provides a comparative analysis of international models of juvenile justice and rehabilitation. Juvenile justice systems play a critical role in addressing the needs of young offenders and promoting their rehabilitation and reintegration into society. Understanding the different approaches and strategies employed by various countries can offer valuable insights into effective practices.
The comparative analysis focuses on key aspects of juvenile justice and rehabilitation, including legal frameworks, diversionary measures, sentencing practices, correctional facilities, and support services. By examining these elements across selected countries, this study aims to identify commonalities, differences, and best practices that contribute to successful outcomes for juvenile offenders.
The research draws on a comprehensive review of existing literature, including academic studies, reports, and policy documents. The selected countries for comparison include the United States, Canada, Germany, and Japan, representing a range of legal systems and cultural contexts.
The findings of this study highlight significant variations in juvenile justice approaches and emphasize the importance of tailoring interventions to the specific needs of young offenders. While some countries prioritize rehabilitation and reintegration, others focus more on punitive measures. The analysis also identifies promising practices, such as restorative justice programs, community-based alternatives, and comprehensive support services, that have demonstrated positive outcomes in reducing recidivism rates and promoting successful reintegration.
The comparative analysis provides policymakers, practitioners, and researchers with a comprehensive understanding of different international models and their implications for juvenile justice and rehabilitation. It underscores the significance of evidence-based practices and the need for collaborative efforts among stakeholders to ensure the well-being and successful reintegration of juvenile offenders.
Keywords: juvenile justice, rehabilitation, comparative analysis, international models, legal frameworks, diversionary measures, sentencing practices, correctional facilities, support services, restorative justice, recidivism, reintegration.