An Investigation into Water Poverty in Minna, Nigeria.
Water scarcity remains a pressing challenge worldwide despite its pivotal role in driving economic progress and development in countries and regions. This study focuses on Minna urban, Nigeria, where water stress disproportionately affects households and neighborhoods due to rapid urban population growth dynamics. Employing the water poverty methodology, the research aims to identify areas in urgent need of policy interventions.
The study employs a cluster sampling technique to gather data on 378 households from eight selected neighborhoods in Minna urban. Questionnaires were administered to obtain information on household water sources, water stress indicators, and adaptation measures. Additionally, data from the Niger State Water and Sewerage Corporation (NSWSC) concerning the public water supply network in the area were collected. Descriptive statistics (frequency and percentage) and inferential statistics (ANOVA, cross-tabulation, linear scaling technique, correlation, principal component analysis, and independent T-Test) were utilized for data analysis.
The findings reveal that households in Minna urban have limited access to public water supply and rely on informal non-network water sources to supplement improved water sources. Water poverty levels vary among the neighborhoods, with Tudun wada south demonstrating the best water situation and F-Layout facing the worst water scarcity.
Moreover, the study identifies three top-ranked household adaptive strategies to cope with water poverty: water storage in drums (100 liters and above), rainwater harvesting, and installation of storage tanks.
Based on the research, policymakers should prioritize improving water use across all neighborhoods in Minna urban. Accessibility to water requires immediate attention in F-Layout, Kpakungu, Maitumbi, Saukakahuta, and Tudun-Fulani. Resource management should be the third priority, beneficial for F-Layout, Saukakahuta, and Tudun-Fulani. By addressing these priority areas, the study aims to enhance water availability, thereby contributing to the overall socio-economic development and quality of life in Minna urban, Nigeria.