PHYTOCHEMICAL EXTRACT OF MAHOGANY LEAF
This study aimed to investigate the phytochemical extract of Mahogany leaf using qualitative and quantitative analysis methods. Khaya ivorensis leaves which are common Mahogany tree species in Nigeria is used for the study. The qualitative analysis revealed variations in the presence of phytochemicals depending on the solvent used for extraction, with flavonoids, saponins, and tannins being prominent constituents. The quantitative analysis further confirmed the high abundance of flavonoids in the plant. Recommendations based on the findings include conducting further pharmacological studies to explore the specific biological activities of the identified compounds, exploring other plant parts to unveil additional bioactive compounds, employing various solvents and extraction methods for comprehensive profiling, isolating and characterizing specific compounds of interest for potential drug development, and conducting safety assessments and toxicity studies. Additionally, exploring Khaya ivorensis extracts as potential ingredients in functional foods and dietary supplements is recommended. To maximize the plant’s medicinal potential, fostering collaboration between traditional knowledge and modern scientific research is crucial. These recommendations aim to unlock the full therapeutic potential of Khaya ivorensis and contribute to the development of evidence-based natural products for human health and well-being.
1.1 Background of the Study
The mahogany tree, known scientifically as Swietenia and also as Khaya, belongs to the Meliaceae family and includes several tropical and subtropical hardwood species with versatile applications in the woodworking industry. Renowned species such as Swietenia macrophylla (American mahogany), Swietenia mahagoni (West Indian mahogany), and Swietenia humilis (Pacific Coast mahogany) are valued for their robust wood, appreciated for furniture, decorative pieces, and musical instruments ((Pinheiro et al., 2011).
Traditionally, diverse cultures across the globe have harnessed mahogany wood for fine craftsmanship, benefiting from its strength, durability, and striking reddish-brown hue. Beyond its significance in woodworking, mahogany trees have also played a significant role in traditional medicine among various communities. Indigenous societies have utilized different parts of the tree, including the bark, fruits, and especially the leaves, for their perceived medicinal benefits (Adedeji et al, 2018; Chaikaew et al., 2020). Mahogany leaf infusions and decoctions have been employed to alleviate fever, gastrointestinal issues, and respiratory problems (Edu, 2021). Additionally, poultices made from crushed leaves have been applied externally to wounds and skin conditions due to their believed healing properties.
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