EXTENSION AGENT KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PERCEPTION TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE IN ONDO STATE, NIGERIA

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EXTENSION AGENT KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PERCEPTION TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE IN ONDO STATE, NIGERIA

ABSTRACT

The study is titled “Extension agent knowledge, attitude and perception towards sustainable agriculture in Ondo State, Nigeria” Survey research design was used for the study, where two sets of questionnaires were used as instrument for data collection, one for the farmers, and the other for extension agents. The data collected were analyzed using percentages and Spearman’s Rho Correlation Procedure at 0.05 level of significance. The results of the study showed that 87.6% of the farmers were males, 62.2% acquired formal education at different levels, 54.6% belonged to farmers association. 87.6% used improved farm practices introduced to them frequently, 85% had increase in yield after the adoption of the improved practices. 59.4% indicated that cost and unavailability of fertilizers were the major problems that caused them not to adopt the improved farm practices. The study findings also revealed  that the adoption of improved farm practices by the farmers was significantly correlated with change in agricultural production, and that the factors militating against the adoption of improved farm practices were significantly correlated with effectiveness of extension activities in the study area. Conclusively, from the findings, Agricultural Extension Programmes were found effective in the study area, and led to increase in  production. However, there were some factors such as high cost of agricultural production inputs and lack of technical knowledge on some improved farm practices that made some farmers not to adopt the improved farm practices introduced to them. Based on the findings of the study, some recommendations were given, that the Government should encourage more adult literacy classes in rural areas, employ more trained male and female extension agents, and provide agricultural inputs to rural farmers on time and at subsidized prices for more effective agricultural extension programme.

EXTENSION AGENT KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PERCEPTION TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE IN ONDO STATE, NIGERIA

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