Cooperative As An Instrument For Poverty Alleviation (A Case Study Of Arochukwu North Local Government Area)
This study is designed to show how cooperative societies can alleviate poverty in Arochukwu North Local Government Area, Abia State.
The sample consist of 25 farmer cooperative society members, 25 marketing cooperative society members, 25 credit and thrift cooperative society members and 25 consumer cooperative society members.
The main instrument used for collecting data was questionnaire. The sample was collected through random sampling techniques and statistical method used for data analysis in sample percentage.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
1.4 SIGNFICANCE OF THE STUDY
1.5 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
2.0 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.1 WHAT IS POVERTY
2.2 HOW TO REDUCE POVERTY
2.3 THE EFFECTS OF POVERTY
2.4 GOVERNMENTAL AND NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISTION INVOLVEMENT IN POVERTY ALLEVIATION
2.5 HOW COOPERATIVE CAN BE USED TO REDUCE POVERTY
3.0 RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY
3.1 SOURCES OF DATA
3.2 METHOD OF INVESTIGATION
4.0 DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
4.1 PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA
4.2 INTERPRETATION OF DATA
5.0 SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, RECOMMENDATION AND CONCLUSION
5.1 SUMMARY OF FINDINGS
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The background of this project states clearly how cooperative can be used as an instrument for poverty alleviation in Arochukwu North Local Government Area.
This could however be understood when we define cooperative as an autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic social and cultural needs and aspirations through jointly owned and democratically controlled enterprise. They are based on values of self help democracy, equally, equity and solidarity cooperative members believe ethical values of honesty openness social responsibility and caring for others.
However, people pool themselves and their resources together as a result of inability to solve their problem single handed due to poverty, this ugly trend has eaten deep into the blood stream of the people and poses the major threat of the economic well being of the people of Arochukwu Local Government Area. To redress this urgly trend which militates against the economic development of the society and which has been the cause of the suffering of the common man, adequate measure and policy should be put in place.
In view of the government effort the alleviate poverty with several programmes and measures has been put in place to better the lives of the masses, such programmes are Family Support Programme (FSP), Better Life Programme (BLW) for the Rural Women and Structural Adjustment Programme (SAP) etc. The government had also identified cooperative as channel through which these programmes could be implemented poverty and also the means through which government incentives and aids get the grass roots level and proper and result achieved.
It is however at this point that this project tends to review the role of cooperative as an instrument for poverty alleviation.
Many advanced societies have embraced the cooperative form of enterprise while others are embracing it at a fast rate. This is based on the belief that the organization has a lot to offer these to economics in their bid to achieve Power Alleviation and to enhance the standard of living of their people. Historically, cooperative have developed in response to some difficult situation to which a group of people were subjected visa vis the rest of the society.
Consequently, the underprivileged people have gathered to protect themselves by providing those things that they could not obtain from any other source through joint action.
The general low income of must people in the rural area is a pre – requisite for their group action of establishing viable enterprise, cooperative organization is seen by the government as an instrument that is capable of supplementing government efforts in raising development capital and thereby assisting the growth of the economics.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Poverty as an economic state in which people are not able to provide enough for themselves has only militated against economic development but is also the cause of suffering of the masses, hunger, mass exploitation and other societal problems such as prostitution, bribery, ritual, armed robbery, adulteration of goods and services, corrupt practices by men of the police force, drug addiction, frustration, illiteracy, child abuse and under age children are today seen in the dry streets hawking for their parents in order to make ends meet, beggars in the street, inadequate medical care, high mortality rate and other corrupt practices in which people engage themselves in order to get rich quick. All these are the effects of the vicious circle of poverty, which will be discussed later in this project.
In addition to this, one can understand that after reading, that poverty in its simplest term means people with low income. Infact the concept of poverty has been a topic of debate in the past. A school of thought however argued that poverty should be measured by figuring out how much it cost to buy the necessary necessities of life. Some also argued that poverty is culturally defined and therefore a relative concept not and absolute one. If poverty were relative town, it might charge significantly as society accumulates wealth and achieved higher standard of living.
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The aim of this project is to bring the people the knowledge of the role cooperative in rural transformation and to extend to the government a notice to see cooperative as an avenue through which they can reach their intended audience in terms of programmed and policy implementation which is aimed at bettering the lives of the rural dwellers.
SPECIFICALLY THIS PROJECT ALSO AIMS AT
- To s how the relationship between the government and cooperative society towards poverty alleviation.
- To show the importance/role of cooperative in poverty alleviation.
- To show or prove that cooperative is a medium through which the weak and opperessed members of the society can reach the government.
- To prove beyond every reasonable doubt that government programme on poverty alleviation cannot be better implemented to the grass root without cooperative society .
- To further enlighten the people on the importance of group effort.
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The significance of the study shows that cooperative society could help to solve poverty problems in the society. These are as the result of the following.
Firstly, as an individual, it is difficult to acquire and use efficiently the means of production, but as a group of persons who have pooled themselves and their resources together, they can use successfully the mean of production.
Secondly, individuals cannot apply for loans and attract government attention on installing infrastructures.
Lastly, an individual, it is not easy to bargain for discounts in the inputs market and ensure a steady supply of inputs, but cooperative society can attract this.
1.5 SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS OF STUDY
The scope of the study write up is to restress how cooperative society can be used as an instrument for poverty alleviation in our community using Arochukwu North Local Government as a case study. The scope of this study is very wide if it has to be carried out in all Arochukwu Local Government. The study is limited based on the fact that there is on time and material resources to see the whole Arochukwu Local Government Area.