Land Use Induced Changes To Short Term Soil Formation

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RESEARCH PROJECT TOPIC ON LAND USE INDUCED CHANGES TO SHORT TERM SOIL FORMATION
Abstract:
Soil hydraulic properties are among the most im-
portant parameters that determine soil quality and its ca-
pability to serve the ecosystem. Land use can signicantly
inuence soil properties, including its hydraulic condi-
tions; however, additional factors, such as changes in cli-
mate (temperature and precipitation), can further inu-
ence the land use eects on soil hydraulic properties. In
order to develop possible adaptation measures and miti-
gate any negative eects of land use and climatic changes,
it is important to study the impact of land use and changes
in land use on soil hydraulic properties. In this paper,
we summarize recent studies examining the eect of land
use/land cover and the associated changes in soil hy-
draulic properties, mainly focusing on agricultural scenar-
ios of cultivated croplands and dierent tillage systems.
Introduction
Land use change is a complex process shaped by hu-
man activity aected by ecological, economic, and social
drivers, and capable of inuencing a wide range of envi-
ronmental and economic conditions [1, 2] . When the se-
lection of land use type involves economic considerations,
Ágota Horel, Györgyi Gelybó, Ilona Kása, Zsóa Bakacsi: Insti-
tute of Soil Sciences and Agricultural Chemistry, Centre for Agri-
cultural Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Herman O. 15,
Budapest 1022, Hungary
*Corresponding Author: Eszter Tóth: Institute of Soil Sciences
and Agricultural Chemistry, Centre for Agricultural Research, Hun-
garian Academy of Sciences, Herman O. 15, Budapest 1022, Hungary;
Email: toth.eszter@agrar.mta.hu
Csilla Farkas: Institute of Soil Sciences and Agricultural Chemistry,
Centre for Agricultural Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences,
Herman O. 15, Budapest 1022, Hungary; Bioforsk, Norwegian Insti-
tute for Agricultural and Environmental Research, Frederik A. Dahls
vei 20, 1430 Ås, Norway
especially for agricultural purposes, the applied manage-
ment practice is commonly driven by agricultural needs
such as crop farming for food supply and cultivation tech-
niques for monetary gains. On the other hand, economic
reasons can also drive land abandonment [3] .
One of the main challenges related to the selection
of applied land use is implementing sustainable and ef-
cient use of natural resources such as soils and surface
and subsurface waters. Due to intensied agricultural pro-
duction, natural resources encounter increasing anthro-
pogenic pressure. Consequently, the eects of land use
and land cover change on soil properties have drawn much
attention over the past several decades.
In general, two main soil types can be distinguished
based on the degree of anthropogenic inuence. The rst
type, genoforms, has minimal impact from human inter-
action such as forest soil series [4] . The other type, pheno-
forms, undergoes considerable changes by dierent land
uses such as pasture and cropland [4] . Studies related to
land use change eects on soil properties mainly concern
phenoforms, as the changes in these soils occur much
fast

 

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